Issue 2022, v9, S1, 11


The Journal of Corporate Governance,  Insurance, and Risk Management (JCGIRM) 2022, Volume 9, Series 1

Reinsurance and the determinants of the ceding decision of life insurance companies in Nigeria: An empirical analysis

Musa Adebayo Obalolaa,  Mfon Sampson Ukpongb*

aUniversity of Lagos, Akoka, Lagos State. Nigeria.

Department of Actuarial Science and Insurance.

bUniversity of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State. Nigeria.

Department of Insurance.

 

A B S T R A C T   A R T I C L E   I N F O
Purpose: This paper is an empirical analysis of Nigeria’s determinants of the ceding decision of life insurance companies. It is birthed from the notion that reinsurance, though highly beneficial to the insurance industry, is rarely undertaken by life insurers. Thus, this study aims at expounding on the determinants of reinsurance decisions of life insurance companies in Nigeria and the relationship of each determinant with ceded reinsurance.

Methodology: An ex-post facto research design was adopted, and a sample size of seven (7) core life insurance companies in Nigeria was selected using the purposive sampling technique. Data were sourced from the Nigerian Insurers Digest and the websites of the select insurance companies covering the years 2011 to 2019. Descriptive analysis and unit root tests were conducted on the data to justify its suitability. Data were further analyzed using the panel data regression, and a decision was arrived at using the Hausman and redundant fixed effect tests.

Results/Findings: The analysis showed a significant relationship between leverage and ceded reinsurance, firm size and ceded reinsurance, as well as return on assets and ceded reinsurance, while underwriting risk and reinsurance price had insignificant relationships with ceded reinsurance. All the explanatory variables also had positive relationships with the ratio of ceded reinsurance. Thus, it was concluded that leverage, firm size and return on assets are major determinants of the ceding decision of these companies, while underwriting risk and reinsurance price are not.

Originality and Practical Implications: This study is an original work of the authors. It practically shows the relationship between the factors considered by life insurers in deciding to cede their risks and ceded reinsurance. With previous studies on reinsurance and its benefit to the insurance industry, this study brings factors that impede the life insurer from deriving these benefits. Therefore, it was recommended that to encourage life insurers to cede more risks, policymakers and regulators should align specific regulations on leverage, firm size and return on assets of life insurers in Nigeria.

 

 

  Keywords: Reinsurance, cede determinants, life insurance, Nigeria.

*Corresponding author:

mfonukpong@rocketmail.com

(Mfon Sampson Ukpong)

Article history:

Received 16.04.2022

Revised   11.06.2022

Accepted  26.06.2022

DOI  https://doi.org/10.51410/jcgirm.9.1.11

Cite Article (APA): Obalola, M.A. and Ukpong, A.S.(2022). Reinsurance and the determinants of the ceding decision of life insurance companies in Nigeria: An empirical analysis.  The Journal of Corporate Governance, Insurance, and Risk Management (JCGIRM).2022, Volume 9, Series 1, Pages 169-189.

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